Friday, December 20, 2019

Asian Gold Miners And Its Effects On The Chinese People...

The Chinese began to immigrate overseas after many years of harsh living conditions in China. Some of these contributions were; the Opium wars (1839-42, 1856-60), the Taiping rebellion (1856-64), famine, and a sinking economy. These grave circumstances led to them flocking to faraway lands to seek work. One of the main draws of California for the Chinese was the opportunity for a better life through gold digging and fertile soil. The struggles for these travelers began early with the voyage, journeying on â€Å"coolie† ships in inhumane conditions caused the loss of many lives. Passengers were packed into steerage at the bottom of the boat, with poor ventilation and over-crowding sickness ran ramped. When these â€Å"celestials† as Americans called them, arrived in San Francisco or â€Å"Dabu- the first city† many found work as miners, farmhands, railroad builders, fishermen, or laundrymen. Asian gold miners had many obstacles to contend with, for one the new for eign miners’ tax was extremely difficult for the Chinese to supply. Also the attacks of racist fellow miners had no penalty. Due to the case of People v. hall (1854) the Chinese were not allowed to witness in legal proceedings against whites. While most miners had more rights as citizens, this was impossible for the Chinese because the California constitution allowed only whites to become be state citizens. 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